R programming is a specialized open source language for scripting, which is used for predictive analytics and data visualization. The core strength of R programming is data manipulation and data sampling. This language is widely used by data miners and statisticians for developing data analytics and statistical software.
Precisely, R is a language and environment for graphics and statistical computing and is similar to S language which is a statistical programming language. The name of this programming language was derived from the name of the two programmers, Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, based on the first letter of their first name. This highly sophisticated language enables integration with the procedures written in C++, C, .NET, Fortran, and Python languages for additional efficiency.